When will 5G be in Ukraine

According to current estimates, the introduction of the 5G network adds at least 2.5 percent to GDP growth, said Infrastructure Minister Vladimir Omelyan in April.

“If we do this in Ukraine, we will see another step forward in improving the quality of our business, the speed of decision-making,” he explained.

Omelyan said that in Ukraine they will launch a pilot project based on 5G – Internet of Things on the roads. The minister called him one of the most important and high-priority projects of his department.

“Our main goal is to ensure that the roads are smart, that is, those that integrate the transport infrastructure into one intelligent network, ensuring the comfort and safety of users,” said Omelyan.

The day before, work began on equipping the pilot section of the N-01 highway – the 21st kilometer of the Dnieper highway, the official said. Within two months, the project will test and collect data using the LTE network, and from the second half of 2019 – with the help of 5G.

Omelyan stressed that Ukraine is among the top 10 countries in the world that experience the 5G network.

On May 17, on his last working day as president, Petro Poroshenko signed a decree that would determine the launch schedule for the fifth generation of communications in 2020.

“Realizing that the fifth generation of communications will work in 2020 in most EU countries, is already working in the United States and in China, we are not going to hang at the tail,” he commented on Twitter.

On May 21, the publication AIN published the opinions of Ukrainian mobile operators on whether it is realistic to launch commercial 5G networks in 2020.

Kyivstar. The director of regulatory support for the operator, Alexander Kogut, said that 5G needs both low frequencies – to provide coverage, and high frequencies – for the speed and capacity of networks (700 MHz and 3.4-3.8 GHz), but such free frequencies in Ukraine are not.

“The principle of technological neutrality is also absent in Ukraine – that is, the opportunity for a telecom operator to introduce any technologies within the framework of frequency licenses issued to it. This is a significant barrier in the development of both existing and future technologies,” he added.

Kogut noted that mobile operators have spent huge amounts of money on the introduction of 4G, despite the fact that the tax burden on them in Ukraine is one of the highest in the world.

“For the introduction of 5G, operators may need to purchase a large number of frequencies, the costs of which, given the subscriber’s low mobile check and high investment risks, can pay off for decades,” a Kyivstar representative said.

Lifecell. Now the capabilities and potential of 3G technologies, and especially 4G in Ukraine, are not yet fully developed and have the potential for development that will last for several more years.

“The existence of high-quality 4G coverage is one of the necessary conditions for the launch of 5G. So, today’s standards are able to meet the needs of the next 3-4 years with no reserve, without the need to launch the next generation of mobile communications,” the operator comments.

Given that in Ukraine the cost of mobile communications and mobile Internet are among the lowest in the world, while operators are still far from returning their investments.

“Therefore, we believe that in Ukraine licenses for the introduction of 5G mobile communication should be provided by the mobile operator for free,” said Lifecell.

Vodafone. The possibilities of implementation will depend on a number of factors. First of all, it is necessary to solve the issue of frequencies – today in Ukraine there is not enough free frequencies to implement the technology.

The commentary says that Vodafone continues to build 4G and 3G networks. It is noted that the technologies in the telecommunications sphere do not change more than once every four years in order to make a profit and reinvest it in next-generation technologies.

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